All schools have a duty to promote the wellbeing of pupils and prepare them for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of later life in modern Britain. Our PSHE curriculum aims to develop the knowledge, skills and understanding pupils need to lead confident, healthy, safe yet independent lives and to become informed, active, responsible citizens. Within this ethos we aim to provide pupils with:
accurate and relevant knowledge
opportunities to turn that knowledge into personal understanding
opportunities to explore, clarify and if necessary challenge, their own and others’ values, attitudes, beliefs, rights and responsibilities
opportunity to develop an awareness of their own and others` emotions and feelings as important aspects of mental health so they may cope effectively with life`s changing demands.
opportunity to develop an appreciation of a range of different lifestyles, to foster responsible caring attitudes towards others, to develop self esteem, and to promote positive social relationships as aspects of social health.
the skills, language and strategies they need in order to live healthy, safe, fulfilling, responsible and balanced lives.
The Promotion of a Healthy Lifestyle.
We promote the benefits of leading a healthy lifestyle through our teaching, the curriculum, extra curricular activities and also in the relationships we build with the pupils.
We recognise that PSHE is an important aspect of our safeguarding procedures. Through PSHE our children learn to keep themselves safe from bullying, homophobic behaviour, racism, sexism and other forms of discrimination. They learn to challenge discriminatory behaviours and how to treat others with respect. Staff in school understand the risks posed by adults or young people who use the internet to bully, groom or abuse children and have well-developed strategies in place to keep children safe and to support them in learning how to keep themselves safe.
Knowledge, skills and understanding.
There are three linked core themes in the teaching of P.S.H.E. These are:
1.Health and Wellbeing
3. Living in the Wider World
These themes run throughout our Scheme of work for P.S.H.E. and they are appropriate in all key stages and build upon Early Years Foundation Stage Learning.
Our school uses the ‘Jigsaw’ scheme and this will be carefully developed as we move towards Relationships Education in September 2020.
Teaching and Learning Styles
To ensure the success of a PSHE and Citizenship lesson the teacher needs to select the style of lesson to best implement the content. Lessons may vary from teacher led class lessons to group work, discussions and, at times, individual tuition. Active learning strategies are particularly effective in engaging pupils and provide opportunities to develop personal skills and explore attitudes and values.
Special Education Needs
The principles for Special Educational Needs are:
Entitlement – All pupils are entitled to Health Education
Accessibility - Activities may need to be modified or substituted in order to include children with Special Educational Needs
Integration - Where possible all students should be worthwhile and be of educational value
Integrity - All modified and adapted activities should be worthwhile and be of educational value
All staff will consider these principles when providing PSHE for children with special educational needs.
Some areas of PSHE can be of an emotive nature and can raise issues personal to some pupils. The teacher should try to concentrate on the child`s needs and discuss with co-ordinator or Headteacher on further action if felt necessary.
Outside Agencies/Community Links
The School welcomes visits from Public Health School Nurse and other outside agencies and recognises the valuable contribution they can make to the health education of children.
Other Subject Links
PSHE and Citizenship can be a tool for learning in other curriculum subjects. These include:
- measuring – height and weight
- data collection – difference of pupils
- financial capability
- personal growth
- body parts
- substances that effect your body
- physical exercise for good health
PSHE and Citizenship is a spiral curriculum subject, where all areas will be revisited to build upon knowledge the children previously have encountered and provision reflects the children’s maturity and level of understanding.
Consultation with pupils
Through the Healthy Schools programme pupils are annually consulted about the content of the PSHE curriculum. The views of the pupils are valued and when appropriate amendments are made as a result of their comments.
- The Headteacher and class teachers are aware of the emotive nature of some parts of the subject matter and the sensitivity with which it needs to be taught when considering attitudes and opinions rather than imparting purely factual knowledge, stressing the need for parental co-operation and awareness
- It should be accepted that PSHE is a very wide ranging subject which encompasses the environment, biological knowledge of the structure and functions of the body, health based physical fitness, nutritional knowledge, practical hygiene, personal and social relationships and issues of moral and ethical values. This would encompass issues of modern society – smoking, drugs, alcohol, community and world health and perhaps most important of all to encourage pupils to make decisions and develop positive attitudes so that they can become healthy, happy and stable adults.
- The staff are aware of the differences in cultures and beliefs of pupils from other ethnic groups who have their own customs and practices on such issues as diet, dress and family matters.